Mayan Belize

12th June 2011

Leaving the coast behind we headed inland to San Ignacio [6] for the Maya ruins of Caracol. With experienced guide Elias Cambranes of K’Atun Ahaw Tours we were able to understand more about the earliest inhabitants. It is believed that more than 1 million Maya once lived in what is now Belize (present population 321,000). Extensive ruins can be found right across the country.
Caracol was once one of the largest city states. The centre piece of the site is the 43 metre high structure known as Caana (Sky Palace) topped with 3 temples. There is a great view of the rest of the site from the top.
Caves, representing the underworld were important to the Maya. Rituals and human sacrifice was performed deep inside. A tour of Actun Tunichil Muknal (ATM) Cave was certainly an adventure. We swam into the dark mouth of the cave then slowly scrambled over rocks, waded through water and squeezed through narrow spaces some 800 metres into the 5 kilometre long cave. We then left the water by climbing up the rocky wall to reach a large chamber filled with spectacular stalagmites and stalactites. The floor was littered with pottery vessels placed there over 1 thousand years ago as well as human remains. Everything lies where it did when the Mayas left – nothing has been removed. The most interesting was a complete calcified skeleton of a woman (the crystal maiden) tucked away in small cavern.
Further north from the town of Orange Walk [7] we travelled by boat down the New River to the Maya site of Lamanai (Submerged Crocodile). Jungle overhanging the river banks was reflected in the inky black water, crocodiles were sunning themselves on tree trunks, a spider monkey swung through the trees following the boat and water birds were everywhere. Lamanai was one of the largest and longest inhabited ceremonial centres in Belize.

Caana, the main temple at Caracol, is the largest building in Belize

Pam climbing the 43 meters to the top

Black howler monkeys in the park

One of the temple on top of Caana

Beautiful butterfly

Jeff is almost there – great view of a pyramid behind

The Mayan observatory shows the equinox alignments

Monkeys love this fruit

Other ruins

Ceramic jar used for offerings



Carving of a head

Entrance to the Rio Frio (Cold River) Cave

Exit to the Rio Frio Cave


Frogs were out – the rains are coming

We swam in through the entrance of the ATM Cave

Inside the cave dry chamber ….

… are beautiful formations

Pam squeezing through a hole – she really did go inside a cave!

Pottery calcified from years in the cave

Ceramic urn lying on its side with …

… a small trademark

Pots in an ancient fireplace

Pots were broken as part of a Mayan ceremony

Skull shows signs of deliberate deformation

Bones from a human sacrifice, note the hole in the skull

The crystal maiden, calcified to the cave floor, was the highlight

The New River from Orange Walk to Lamanai

Crocodile sunning itself


Spider monkey

Grey breasted wood rail


Tiny bats

Snail kite


Water bird

Jaguar Temple at Lamanai

Jaguar on the Temple

Ball court, the winner gets sacrificed

High Temple (33 metres tall)

Mask Temple

Masks – over 2 metres high, the biggest in the Maya world

Masks show Olmec characteristics