During the mid 18th century the Franciscan Junipero Serra who went on to establish the Missions in California, built 5 Missions in the Sierra Gorda . The facades are covered in molded reliefs of plants, animals and saints in “Mestizo Baroque” style, a mixture of indigenous and Spanish Catholic art unique in the world, symbolizing the last face of evangelization in the Americas.
To see these World Heritage treasures we went Aventurate’s Osiris, an expert on the history and significance of the Missions.
Conca Mission, founded in 1754, is the smallest of the Missions. The struggle between good and evil is depicted on the facade.
Tancoyol was the last Mission built by Franciscan Brother Serra, in 1760. It is dedicated to Our Lady of the Light.
Tilaco Mission was founded in 1754 and dedicated to Saint Francis of Assisi. The facade features mermaids with indigenous faces.
Founded in 1760, the Landa Mission is dedicated to the Virgin of Immaculate Conception. The sculpture of this facade is considered to be the best of the five.
Jalpan, established by the Franciscan Serro in 1751, is the most important of the Missions. It’s patron is Saint James, protector of the Faith.